Comparison of Oral and Intravenous Fluid Therapy in Newborns with Hypernatremic Dehydration.

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and complications of oral and intravenous fluid therapy in newborns with hypernatremic dehydration. Methods: A total of 75 term and near term (>35 weeks) neonates with hypernatremic dehydration (Na≥150 mmol/L) were included in this retrospective-study. The patients were divided into two groups according to therapy approach for rehydration (breast [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:14:19+00:00 julio 15th, 2013|Children, Clinical care, Documentos científicos, Regulation of water and electrolyte balance|Comentarios desactivados en Comparison of Oral and Intravenous Fluid Therapy in Newborns with Hypernatremic Dehydration.

What is the safe approach for neonatal hypernatremic dehydration?: a retrospective study from a neonatal intensive care unit.

OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence, complications, and mortality of hypernatremic dehydration in neonates and to compare the effect of correction rate at 48 hours on mortality and on neurological outcome in the short term. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted between January 2007 and 2011 in the neonatal intensive [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:14:19+00:00 julio 15th, 2013|Children, Clinical care, Documentos científicos, Regulation of water and electrolyte balance|Comentarios desactivados en What is the safe approach for neonatal hypernatremic dehydration?: a retrospective study from a neonatal intensive care unit.

Case Studies in Fluid and Electrolyte Therapy.

Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Michael L. Moritz, MD, is an associate professor of pediatrics at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the clinical director of pediatric nephrology and medical director of pediatric dialysis at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:14:20+00:00 julio 15th, 2013|Clinical care, Documentos científicos, Regulation of water and electrolyte balance|Comentarios desactivados en Case Studies in Fluid and Electrolyte Therapy.

Hydration biomarkers in free-living adults with different levels of habitual fluid consumption.

Background/objectives:In sedentary adults, hydration is mostly influenced by total fluid intake and not by sweat losses; moreover, low daily fluid intake is associated with adverse health outcomes. This study aimed to model the relation between total fluid intake and urinary hydration biomarkers.Subjects/methods:During 4 consecutive weekdays, 82 adults (age, 31.6±4.3 years; body mass index, 23.2±2.7 kg/m2; 52% [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:14:23+00:00 junio 20th, 2013|Body water content; body composition, Documentos científicos, Regulation of water and electrolyte balance, Water balance|Comentarios desactivados en Hydration biomarkers in free-living adults with different levels of habitual fluid consumption.

Effect of varying the concentrations of carbohydrate and milk protein in rehydration solutions ingested after exercise in the heat.

The present study investigated the relationship between the milk protein content of a rehydration solution and fluid balance after exercise-induced dehydration. On three occasions, eight healthy males were dehydrated to an identical degree of body mass loss (BML, approximately 1•8 %) by intermittent cycling in the heat, rehydrating with 150 % of their BML over [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:15:30+00:00 junio 20th, 2013|Body water content; body composition, Documentos científicos, Regulation of water and electrolyte balance, Water balance|Comentarios desactivados en Effect of varying the concentrations of carbohydrate and milk protein in rehydration solutions ingested after exercise in the heat.

Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia and Hydration Status in 161-km Ultramarathoners.

PURPOSE: This work combines and reanalyzes 5 yr of exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) research at 161-km ultramarathons in northern California with primary purposes to define the relationship between postrace blood sodium concentration ([Na]) and change in body weight; to examine the interactions among EAH incidence, ambient temperature, and hydration state; and to explore the effect of [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:16:35+00:00 abril 26th, 2013|Documentos científicos, Environmental conditions, Exercise and sport, Hydration status of population groups, Regulation of water and electrolyte balance|Comentarios desactivados en Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia and Hydration Status in 161-km Ultramarathoners.

The acute effects of fluid intake on urine specific gravity and fluid retention in a mildly dehydrated state.

Logan-Sprenger, HM and Spriet, LL. The acute effects of fluid intake on urine specific gravity and fluid retention in a mildly dehydrated state. J Strength Cond Res 27(4): 1002-1008, 2013-Many athletes arrive at training sessions and competitions in a mildly hypohydrated (HYPO) state and are instructed to drink fluids before exercise to reach a euhydrated [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:16:35+00:00 abril 26th, 2013|Documentos científicos, Hydration status: effects on physiology and metabolism, Regulation of water and electrolyte balance|Comentarios desactivados en The acute effects of fluid intake on urine specific gravity and fluid retention in a mildly dehydrated state.

The altered fluid distribution in obesity may reflect plasma hypertonicity.

OBJECTIVE: This study explored whether the increased extracellular relative to intracellular fluid (ECF/ICF) ratio in obesity mightreflect osmotic effects of elevated plasma solute concentrations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, epidemiological survey. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: The present analysis used nationally representative data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey on community-dwelling adults (aged 40-59 years) in the [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:18:10+00:00 enero 31st, 2013|Documentos científicos, Regulation of water and electrolyte balance|Comentarios desactivados en The altered fluid distribution in obesity may reflect plasma hypertonicity.

A proposed method for assessing plasma hypertonicity in vivo

Indices of plasma hypertonicity, elevated plasma concentrations of solutes that draw fluid out of cells by osmosis, are needed to pursue hypertonicity as a possible risk factor for obesity and chronic disease. This paper proposes a new index that may be more sensitive to mild hypertonicity in vivo at a point in time than traditional measures. The index compares mean corpuscular volume (MCV) estimates from [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:17:43+00:00 enero 31st, 2013|Documentos científicos, Regulation of water and electrolyte balance|Comentarios desactivados en A proposed method for assessing plasma hypertonicity in vivo