Effects of hydration on cognitive function of pilots.

The objective of this study was to examine the effect of fluid intake and possible dehydration on cognitive flight performance of pilots. A repeated-measures, counterbalanced, mixed study design was used to examine differences in working memory, spatial orientation, and cognitive flight performance of 40 randomly selected healthy pilots after having high and low fluid intakes. [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:14:20+00:00 julio 15th, 2013|Documentos científicos, Hydration status of population groups, Mental performance|Comentarios desactivados en Effects of hydration on cognitive function of pilots.

Practice paper of the academy of nutrition and dietetics abstract: ethical and legal issues of feeding and hydration.

It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that individuals have the right to request or refuse nutrition and hydration as medical treatment. Registered dietitians should work collaboratively as part of an interprofessional team to make recommendations on providing, withdrawing, or withholding nutrition and hydration in individual cases and serve as active [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:14:20+00:00 julio 15th, 2013|Clinical care, Documentos científicos|Comentarios desactivados en Practice paper of the academy of nutrition and dietetics abstract: ethical and legal issues of feeding and hydration.

Improving hydration in children: A sensible guide

Water is essential for health and vital for all bodily functions. If water losses are not replaced then dehydration can occur and even mild dehydration is associated with negative effects on health including impaired cognitive function. Studies in schoolchildren have found that many are arriving at school with a hydration deficit and, once they arrive, [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:14:22+00:00 junio 20th, 2013|Children, Documentos científicos, Hydration and health, Mental performance, Uncategorized|Comentarios desactivados en Improving hydration in children: A sensible guide

Total body water and its compartments are not affected by ingesting a moderate dose of caffeine in healthy young adult males.

Acute and chronic caffeine intakes have no impact on hydration status (R.J. Maughan and J. Griffin, J. Hum. Nutr. Diet. 16(6): 411-420, 2003), although no research has been conducted to analyze the effects using dilution techniques on total-body water (TBW) and its compartments. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:14:23+00:00 junio 20th, 2013|Body water content; body composition, Caffeine and other diuretics, Documentos científicos, Water balance|Comentarios desactivados en Total body water and its compartments are not affected by ingesting a moderate dose of caffeine in healthy young adult males.

Hydration biomarkers in free-living adults with different levels of habitual fluid consumption.

Background/objectives:In sedentary adults, hydration is mostly influenced by total fluid intake and not by sweat losses; moreover, low daily fluid intake is associated with adverse health outcomes. This study aimed to model the relation between total fluid intake and urinary hydration biomarkers.Subjects/methods:During 4 consecutive weekdays, 82 adults (age, 31.6±4.3 years; body mass index, 23.2±2.7 kg/m2; 52% [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:14:23+00:00 junio 20th, 2013|Body water content; body composition, Documentos científicos, Regulation of water and electrolyte balance, Water balance|Comentarios desactivados en Hydration biomarkers in free-living adults with different levels of habitual fluid consumption.

Dehydration upon admission is a risk factor for incomplete recovery of renal function in children with haemolytic uremic syndrome.

Haemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is the most common cause of acute renal failure and the second leading cause of chronic renal failure in children. The factors that affect incomplete renal function recovery prior to hospital admission are poorly understood. Objective: To analyse the  risk factors that determine incomplete recovery of renal function prior to hospitalisation [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:15:30+00:00 junio 20th, 2013|Clinical care, Documentos científicos, Renal function|Comentarios desactivados en Dehydration upon admission is a risk factor for incomplete recovery of renal function in children with haemolytic uremic syndrome.

Effects of carbohydrate-hydration strategies on glucose metabolism, sprint performance and hydration during a soccer match simulation in recreational players.

OBJECTIVES: This study compared the effects of three carbohydrate-hydration strategies on blood glucose concentration, exercise performance and hydration status throughout simulated soccer match-play. DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind and cross-over study design was employed. METHODS: After familiarization, 14 recreational soccer players completed the soccer match simulation on three separate occasions. Participants consumed equal volumes of 9.6% [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:15:30+00:00 junio 20th, 2013|Assessment methodologies, Documentos científicos, Exercise and sport, Physical performance|Comentarios desactivados en Effects of carbohydrate-hydration strategies on glucose metabolism, sprint performance and hydration during a soccer match simulation in recreational players.

Relation between urinary hydration biomarkers and total fluid intake in healthy adults.

Background/objectives: In sedentary adults, hydration is mostly influenced by total fluid intake and not by sweat losses; moreover, low daily fluid intake is associated with adverse health outcomes. This study aimed to model the relation between total fluid intake and urinary hydration biomarkers.Subjects/methods:During 4 consecutive weekdays, 82 adults (age, 31.6±4.3 years; body mass index, 23.2±2.7 kg/m(2); [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:15:30+00:00 junio 20th, 2013|Documentos científicos, Hydration and health, Water balance|Comentarios desactivados en Relation between urinary hydration biomarkers and total fluid intake in healthy adults.

Sports nutrition needs: before, during, and after exercise.

This article discusses how athletes should properly fuel their bodies before, during, and after exercise to maximize athletic performance. Emphasis is placed on hydration status and glycogen stores being maintained above deficits that negatively affect sport performance. Timing of nutrient intake is as important as composition. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23668654

By | 2017-05-21T03:15:31+00:00 junio 20th, 2013|Documentos científicos, Exercise and sport, Hydration status of population groups, Water intake recommendations|Comentarios desactivados en Sports nutrition needs: before, during, and after exercise.

Position of the academy of nutrition and dietetics: ethical and legal issues in feeding and hydration.

It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that individuals have the right to request or refuse nutrition and hydration as medical treatment. Registered dietitians (RDs) should work collaboratively as part of the interprofessional team to make recommendations on providing, withdrawing, or withholding nutrition and hydration in individual cases and serve as [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:15:31+00:00 junio 20th, 2013|Behaviour: knowledge, understanding and attitudes of the population, Clinical care, Documentos científicos|Comentarios desactivados en Position of the academy of nutrition and dietetics: ethical and legal issues in feeding and hydration.