The medicinal use of water in renal disease.

Although water is essential for life, its use for medicinal purposes is not universally accepted. We performed a comprehensive review of the literature to determine where the evolving state of knowledge lies regarding the benefits of water as a therapy for renal diseases. In the past two decades, water has emerged as a potential therapeutic [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:14:20+00:00 julio 15th, 2013|Clinical care, Documentos científicos, Renal function, Water intake recommendations|Comentarios desactivados en The medicinal use of water in renal disease.

Cost-effectiveness of recombinant human hyaluronidase-facilitated subcutaneous versus intravenous rehydration in children with mild to moderate dehydration.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of recombinant human hyaluronidase-facilitated subcutaneous (rHFSC) fluid administration compared to intravenous (IV) fluid administration in children with mild to moderate dehydration in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: A decision analytic model  was created based on the results of a controlled clinical trial that compared the administration of isotonic fluids via [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:15:29+00:00 junio 20th, 2013|Children, Clinical care, Documentos científicos, Renal function|Comentarios desactivados en Cost-effectiveness of recombinant human hyaluronidase-facilitated subcutaneous versus intravenous rehydration in children with mild to moderate dehydration.

Dehydration upon admission is a risk factor for incomplete recovery of renal function in children with haemolytic uremic syndrome.

Haemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is the most common cause of acute renal failure and the second leading cause of chronic renal failure in children. The factors that affect incomplete renal function recovery prior to hospital admission are poorly understood. Objective: To analyse the  risk factors that determine incomplete recovery of renal function prior to hospitalisation [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:15:30+00:00 junio 20th, 2013|Clinical care, Documentos científicos, Renal function|Comentarios desactivados en Dehydration upon admission is a risk factor for incomplete recovery of renal function in children with haemolytic uremic syndrome.

Update on the management of chronic kidney disease.

Chronic kidney disease is common and associated with significant morbidity. Given the high risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease, it is important to identify and treat related risk factors. However, there is growing uncertainty about the benefits of some recommended treatment targets.The National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:17:18+00:00 enero 31st, 2013|Documentos científicos, Renal function|Comentarios desactivados en Update on the management of chronic kidney disease.

LOWERING POSTDIALYSIS PLASMA SODIUM (CONDUCTIVITY) TO INCREASE SODIUM REMOVAL IN VOLUME-EXPANDED HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS: A PILOT STUDY USING A BIOFEEDBACK SOFTWARE SYSTEM

Extracellular fluid expansion is common in hemodialysis patients. Aggressive fluid removal may lead to intradialytic complications. High dialysate sodium concentrations may lessen complications, but may increase extracellular volume. We hypothesized that decreasing plasma sodium concentration during dialysis will increase sodium removal and decrease extracellular volume. STUDY DESIGN: Pilot clinical trial. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 16 patients [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:19:28+00:00 enero 31st, 2013|Documentos científicos, Renal function|Comentarios desactivados en LOWERING POSTDIALYSIS PLASMA SODIUM (CONDUCTIVITY) TO INCREASE SODIUM REMOVAL IN VOLUME-EXPANDED HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS: A PILOT STUDY USING A BIOFEEDBACK SOFTWARE SYSTEM

Urinalysis: a comprehensive review.

A complete urinalysis includes physical, chemical, and microscopic examinations. Midstream clean collection is acceptable in most situations, but the specimen should be examined within two hours of collection. Cloudy urine often is a result of precipitated phosphate crystals in alkaline urine, but pyuria also can be the cause. A strong odor may be the result [...]

By | 2017-05-21T03:20:42+00:00 enero 31st, 2013|Documentos científicos, Renal function|Comentarios desactivados en Urinalysis: a comprehensive review.

IS THERE STILL A ROLE FOR MEASURING SERUM UREA IN AN AGE OF EGFR? EVIDENCE OF ITS USE WHEN ASSESSING PATIENT HYDRATION.

BACKGROUND: With the current practice of using estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) for the assessment of renal function, serum urea is arguably a redundant test. However, with little evidence, it is purported that urea can be used as a marker to aid in the assessment of hydration status. The aim of this study was to [...]

By | 2013-01-31T18:34:47+00:00 enero 31st, 2013|Renal function, Scientific papers|0 Comments

A PROSPECTIVE ASSESSMENT OF RENAL IMPAIRMENT AFTER PREPARATION FOR COLONOSCOPY: ORAL SODIUM PHOSPHATE APPEARS TO BE SAFE IN WELL-HYDRATED SUBJECTS WITH NORMAL RENAL STATUS

The outcome of colonoscopy is highly dependent upon the quality of bowel cleansing prior to the procedure. Oral sodium phosphate solutions (OSPS) or preparations containing polyethylene glycol (PEG) are generally employed. However, the safety of administering OSPS prior to colonoscopy has been questioned because of the potential for renal failure. AIM: To compare rates of [...]

By | 2013-01-31T18:34:47+00:00 enero 31st, 2013|Renal function, Scientific papers|0 Comments

PEAK RATES OF DIERESIS IN HEALTHY HUMANS DURING ORAL FLUID OVERLOAD.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether rates of intestinal fluid absorption and renal diuresis can match high rates of fluid ingestion in healthy humans exposed to oral fluid overload, thereby preventing the development of hyponatraemia either by reverse sodium movement across the intestine (the Priestley-Haldane effect) or by expansion of the extracellular fluid volume. METHODS: Changes in [...]

By | 2013-01-31T18:34:05+00:00 enero 31st, 2013|Renal function, Scientific papers|0 Comments