Abstract Introduction: Nutritional surveys frequently collect some data of consumption of beverages; however, information from different sources and different methodologies raises issues of comparability. The main objective of this review was to examine the available techniques used for assessing beverage intake in European epidemiological studies and to describe the most frequent method applied to assess [...]
AIMS: European and American guidelines have recommended salt and fluid restriction for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) despite scarce scientific evidence. Therefore, we investigated the effects of salt and fluid restriction in patients with CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ninety-seven stable patients in NYHA class II-IV, on optimal medication, with previous signs of fluid retention, [...]
ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and complications of oral and intravenous fluid therapy in newborns with hypernatremic dehydration. Methods: A total of 75 term and near term (>35 weeks) neonates with hypernatremic dehydration (Na≥150 mmol/L) were included in this retrospective-study. The patients were divided into two groups according to therapy approach for rehydration (breast [...]
Paradoxical heart failure precipitated by profound dehydration: intraventricular dynamic obstruction and significant mitral regurgitation in a volume-depleted heart.
Occurrence of dynamic left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction is not infrequent in critically ill patients, and it is associated with potential danger. Here, we report a case of transient heart failure with hemodynamic deterioration paradoxically induced by extreme dehydration. This article describes clinical features of the patient and echocardiographic findings of dynamic LVOT obstruction [...]
Although expert groups have developed guidelines for fluid intake during sports, there is debate about their real-world application. We reviewed the literature on self-selected hydration strategies during sporting competitions to determine what is apparently practical and valued by athletes. We found few studies of drinking practices involving elite or highly competitive athletes, even in popular [...]
What is the safe approach for neonatal hypernatremic dehydration?: a retrospective study from a neonatal intensive care unit.
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence, complications, and mortality of hypernatremic dehydration in neonates and to compare the effect of correction rate at 48 hours on mortality and on neurological outcome in the short term. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted between January 2007 and 2011 in the neonatal intensive [...]
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of fluid intake and possible dehydration on cognitive flight performance of pilots. A repeated-measures, counterbalanced, mixed study design was used to examine differences in working memory, spatial orientation, and cognitive flight performance of 40 randomly selected healthy pilots after having high and low fluid intakes. [...]
Although water is essential for life, its use for medicinal purposes is not universally accepted. We performed a comprehensive review of the literature to determine where the evolving state of knowledge lies regarding the benefits of water as a therapy for renal diseases. In the past two decades, water has emerged as a potential therapeutic [...]
Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Michael L. Moritz, MD, is an associate professor of pediatrics at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the clinical director of pediatric nephrology and medical director of pediatric dialysis at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of [...]
Multimodal interventions (chewing gum, early oral hydration and early mobilisation) on the intestinal motility following abdominal gynaecologic surgery.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of chewing gum, early oral hydration and early mobilisation on the time of first bowel sounds, first passage of flatus and first defecation following abdominal gynaecologic surgery. BACKGROUND: A major complication of abdominal surgical procedures is paralytic ileus which results in patient discomfort, prolonged length of hospital stay [...]