Abstract Introduction: Nutritional surveys frequently collect some data of consumption of beverages; however, information from different sources and different methodologies raises issues of comparability. The main objective of this review was to examine the available techniques used for assessing beverage intake in European epidemiological studies and to describe the most frequent method applied to assess [...]
Effects of carbohydrate-hydration strategies on glucose metabolism, sprint performance and hydration during a soccer match simulation in recreational players.
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the effects of three carbohydrate-hydration strategies on blood glucose concentration, exercise performance and hydration status throughout simulated soccer match-play. DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind and cross-over study design was employed. METHODS: After familiarization, 14 recreational soccer players completed the soccer match simulation on three separate occasions. Participants consumed equal volumes of 9.6% [...]
ABSTRACT NOT FOUND http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23712213
Effect of maternal hydration on the amniotic fluid volume during maternal rest in the left lateral decubitus position: a randomized prospective study.
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of maternal hydration on amniotic fluid volume during maternal rest in the left lateral decubitus position. Methods- Pregnant women (n = 79) with an amniotic fluid index between 6 and 24 cm and a singleton uncomplicated pregnancy at 35 to 40 weeks' gestation were [...]
Dehydration and hyperthermia reduces leg blood flow (LBF), cardiac output([Formula: see text]) and arterial pressure during whole-body exercise. It is unknown whether the reductions in blood flow are associated with dehydration-induced alterations in arterial blood oxygen content (C aO2) andO2-dependent signaling. This study investigated the impact of dehydration and concomitant alterations in C aO2 upon [...]
Total body water and its compartments are not affected by ingesting a moderate dose of caffeine in healthy young adult males.
Acute and chronic caffeine intakes have no impact on hydration status (R.J. Maughan and J. Griffin, J. Hum. Nutr. Diet. 16(6): 411-420, 2003), although no research has been conducted to analyze the effects using dilution techniques on total-body water (TBW) and its compartments. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of [...]
Our purpose was to compare common modes of rehydration (REHY) on cardiovascular and fluid regulation recovery following exercise dehydration (EXDE). Twelve non-heat-acclimatized trained subjects (23±4y, 81.3±3.7kg, 180±6cm, 56.9±4.4mLminkg VO2max, 7.8±3.0 % body fat) completed 20-h fluid restriction and 2-h EXDE to -4% body mass, then were rehydrated to -2% body mass in a randomized, cross-over [...]
Dehydration (body water deficit) is a physiologic state that can have profound implications for human health and performance. Unfortunately, dehydration can be difficult to assess, and there is no single, universal gold standard for decision making. In this article, we review the physiologic basis for understanding quantitative dehydration assessment. We highlight how phenomenologic interpretations of [...]
The Effect of Ice Slushy Ingestion and Mouthwash on Thermoregulation and Endurance Performance in the Heat.
PURPOSE: To establish whether sensory factors associated with cold beverage ingestion exert an ergogenic effect on endurance performance independent of thermoregulatory and/or cardiovascular factors. METHODS: Ten males performed three trials involving 90min steady state cycling (SS) (62% VO2max) in the heat (32.1±0.9°C, 40±2.4% relative humidity) followed by a 4kJ/kg body mass time trial (TT). During [...]
Studying the effects of dehydration on cognitive function presents a variety of unique and difficult challenges to investigators. These challenges, which are addressed in this article, can be divided into three general categories: 1) choosing an appropriate method of generating a consistent level of dehydration; 2) determining and effectively employing appropriate and sensitive measures of [...]